Wolf – a predator of the family dog. He is very similar to a large dog. But dogs are known to be friends of man and the wolf man is always considered to be his enemy. And for that there were grounds. Wolves often attacked livestock, and hungry winter, happened, and per person. People fought long and hard with the wolves. They announced their real war. Over killed wolf gave large bonuses. Of course, in this battle defeated people.
For example, in England, wolves were exterminated completely. In honor of this event was even a monument. In North America, where not so long ago was inhabited by wolves from Alaska to southern Mexico, they were only in Canada and in the polar regions. Several hundred wolves survived in Minnesota. In remote parts of Louisiana and Texas lives a few hundred smaller wolves – a red wolf. By the way, they live even in India.
By the middle of this century, a man almost destroyed the wolves. And, I suppose, would be completely wasted this predator, when strange things started. Fields were subjected to invasions bred in large numbers of hares, deer and elk. Landing could not be saved. And then people realized that nature was wise, inventing a wolf.
That he maintained his balance, not giving much herbivore multiply. Man had greatly reduced, and in some places and completely stop the extermination of wolves. Some countries have even been forced to buy these predators. Indeed, in the first place is always the wolves attack the sick and debilitated animals. For this they are rightly called the hospital attendants of the forest.
In general, stories about wolves lonely, dangerous and ferocious beasts, it is very much exaggerated. Single among these predators are rare. On the contrary, the wolves are adapted to group life. Some scholars argue that the wolf pack is very similar in structure to human society. Specialist, long watching wolves, called the main feature of the wolf character “friendliness”. Wolves warmly attached to the other members of the pack. Constantly express their love, like a dog wagging their tails and licking each other noses. Wolf Pack – this is a very close-knit and disciplined team.
Wolfs look different. There are quite black, as Canadian wolves, gray as our Russian, and those that are found in the tundra, almost white. The length of an adult wolf from tip of nose to tip of tail is two meters. They weigh 43-45 kg. Usually Frostwolf always larger southern. Some instances of Alaska weighed 79 kilograms.
All wolves are very sensitive noses. They smell of 1.5 km. These animals are very hardy and able to run 65-80 km per day. Where appropriate, it can run at a speed of 55-60 km / h.
Wolf pack may consist of two, and 36 wolves, but more often than the number of wolves in a pack does not exceed 6-8 animals. Flock is very similar to a close-knit family. Yes, usually it is the family – parental couple and several grown cubs of the previous litter. Discipline is strict wolves, each member of the pack knows its place.
All disputes shall be resolved by means of threatening postures and growls, but if suddenly struck up a real fight, a few wolves can throw at one of the opponents to restore order before would be dealt a serious injury. Summer pack hunts at night, and in the heat of the day resting. In winter, when there is little food, pack hunts during the day. Scenting prey, wolves begin slowly and silently stalk her. Elk, weighing 450 kg – a formidable opponent. Especially when standing still and defends the powerful blows of the front hooves.
Wolves know well and waiting when he tries to run away from them, and then they attack it together: it ran very difficult to defend. But more wolves attack patients, old and weak animals. After a successful hunt adult wolf eats in one sitting to 6 kg of meat. However, most of the wolves cached. Therefore, from mining are what is called “horns and legs.” This gave rise to the legend of the extravagance of wolves. After eating, the pack is usually placed on the ground and resting, and some wolves decide that it’s time to songs. They turn up their snouts in the air and emit a long heart-rending howl. The rest of them are gradually beginning to whine.
Experts still do not know because of what the wolves howl. Perhaps they are signaling otbivshimsya members of the pack, and can warn the neighbors that their territory here. Some believe that wolves, like people, just sing when they want.
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