Birthday: 5/11/1913, the
Age: 53 years
Place of birth: Dardzhilin, British India, United Kingdom
Date of Death: 07/07/1967 Year
Place of death: London, UK
Height: 161 cm
Weight: 47 kg
Original name: Vivian Mary Hartley
Inimitable Scarlett O’Hara
After a performance on Vivien Leigh for the first time drew attention to the critics? Why is against the will of her husband she became a star in a movie? As an actress met with Lawrence Olivier, and why long five years they could legalize their relationship? What role glorified Vivien Leigh in the world? Why did the actress did not like being called ‘film star’? As filming ‘A Streetcar’Zhelanie” influenced her life? What caused the death of Vivian, and why the last years of her life she spent in solitude?
British actress Vivien Leigh, who created one of the most famous images in the history of world cinema, has not only exceptional talent, but also the extraordinary beauty. Directed by Orson Welles once said about her that once in a generation there is such a woman, from which it can not take your eyes the whole continent. Of course, he was right. But whether it’s the actress brought happiness?
Vivian Mary Hartley was born on November 5, 1913 in the Indian town of Darjeeling. Her father was an Englishman and had served in India, which at that time belonged to the British crown. The mother was also Europeans and had old French, Irish and Armenian roots. The parents tried to instill in her daughter a love of literature, so she grew up an intelligent, well-read child.
Passion for literature led to a desire to play Vivian on stage. Studying at the Monastery of the Sacred Heart in England she first confided to her friend Maureen O’Sullivan, he wanted to become a great actress. Parents were not anti-choice daughter and strongly contributed to its endeavors. In 1931, his father helped Vivian entered the Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts.
In London, the future actress met with his lawyer Herbert Leigh Holman, who was older than her 13 years. They say that as soon as Vivian saw him, I immediately said that would marry him. And so it happened. After a brief courtship, Herbert Vivian made the offer, and in 1932 they married. He was a real gentleman, a good promise to make a career in law. It – an innocent girl with perfect figure and angelic face.
Despite the fact that a year later gave birth to a daughter, Suzanne Vivian, her marriage to Holman it had not been a happy one. She wanted to make a career in the movies, but Herbert take it negatively. Contrary to her husband, Vivian hired Johnny Giddona who began to look for her role. He advised the girl to change the name to something more sonorous, and she took the pseudonym Leigh, changing his name a little bit and adding a second name of her husband. Herbert was furious, but forbid I play the movie, he could not.
Vivien Leigh made her debut in the movie a small role in the film ‘Things are going smoothly’ (1935). However, this event had no impact on her career. Much more important was the participation of the actress in the play ‘The mask of virtue’, after which the critics first started talking about her talent. It is in this way Vivienne first saw the actor Laurence Olivier. After they get to know, in between any friendship, which soon grew into love.
Lawrence was married, but neither his marriage nor marry Vivian did not become an obstacle to their passionate romance. They did not hide their relationship, even in public that Puritan England was unthinkable. So they lived as much as 5 years old, Holman is not agreed to divorce Leigh and Olivier annulled the marriage with his wife. In 1940, Vivien and Lawrence tied the knot. On a modest wedding, which was held in California, Santa Barbara, attended only by Garson Kanin friends and Katharine Hepburn.
But long before this momentous event in the life of Vivien was a lot of interesting. In 1937, Olivier went to Hollywood to make a film ‘Wuthering Heights’. A few months later, under the pretext of being next to her husband, Lee moved to America. But the actress was completely different motives. It has long been an American agent was negotiating with producer David Selznick about shooting pictures of ‘Gone With the Wind. ” Vivienne wanted to get the role of Scarlett O’Hara, which claimed 1,400 actresses!
After dozens of screen tests narrowed the circle of contenders to Joan Bennett, Jean Arthur, Paulette Goddard and Vivien Leigh. Ultimately, Lee was able to prove that he can play better than others. Directed by George Cukor praised unrestrained incredible actress. It was his final word in the selection of contenders. And Vivien Leigh did not disappoint. Largely thanks to her charisma and talent ‘Gone with the Wind’ (1939) became the hit of the year, received ten statuettes ‘Oscar’. The actress also won the Oscar for Best Actress.
After the incredible success of the film Vivian became known Hollywood movie star, although she did not like, when it has said so. She called herself an actress, considering that to be a movie star – is to live a false life. Vivienne is really different from other actresses modesty and diligence. She loved her work and gave her all his strength.
Despite this, after the movie “Gone with the Wind ‘Lee starred in all eight films. The reason for this was the poor health of the actress, who for decades struggled with tuberculosis. In addition, Vivien suffered from a mental disorder, so the director was extremely difficult to work with it. In 1941, Lee starred with her husband in the film ‘Lady Hamilton’, and in 1945 appeared in the role of Cleopatra in the historical drama ‘Caesar and Cleopatra’.
In the early 50-ies Vivien Leigh once again created a sensation in the world of cinema. After the success of the play “A Streetcar’Zhelanie’ ‘, where she played the role of a prostitute Blanche DuBois, the actress offered to star in the film adaptation of the play. Film version of “Streetcar’Zhelanie’ ‘(1951) became an iconic film of the twentieth century. Vivian got her second Oscar and incredible reviews from critics, who called it one of the actor’s work most of thorough transformations of all time.
For the first time witnessed the manic-depressive syndrome, which suffered Vivian, Olivier began back in the 30s when they were not married. Before going on stage of the theater where the actress playing Ophelia, she suddenly began to scream hysterically, and then fell silent and stared into space. Such attacks have occurred systematically, and eventually Lawrence used to them.
Vivienne condition deteriorated sharply after the shooting paintings ‘Tram’Zhelanie”. Aggravation of tuberculosis and failed pregnancy that ended in miscarriage, further undermined the mental health of the actress. She could not get rid of the image of Blanche DuBois and often said that he was following her. There were multiple personality syndrome, as eloquently says such a case. When Lee came in a psychiatric hospital, one of the nurses called her Scarlett O’Hara, after which the actress cried that she Blanche DuBois.
At some point, Laurence Olivier could not stand it and left Vivienne. This was a real blow for the actress. His last years she was living alone in a small village near the lake in the county of Sussex. In May 1967, Lee began new attacks of tuberculosis, and she died on July 7.
Vivien Leigh lived a short, but bright and busy life. It is during that whatever the cost to his dream was always to achieve your goals. Was it a happy life, it is difficult to say. Despite the tragic fate remained Vivienne woman who believed in the beauty and goodness of the world, I wanted to love and be loved. It will go down in history as one of the most beautiful and talented actresses.
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