Steven Spielberg (biography)
Birthday: 12/18/1946 Year
Birthplace: Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
Nationality: United States
Height: 171 cm
Weight: 70 kg
Success and fame Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg is considered one of the most influential and successful filmmakers of our time. Most of his paintings have become classics, and 20 highest-grossing films grossed more than $ 8 billion. In this list – ‘Oscar-winning’ ‘Lincoln’ and ‘Saving Private Ryan’ scale ‘Jurassic Park’ and ‘Jaws’ cult ‘Alien’ and the most expensive black-and-white film in the history of the movie ‘Schindler’s List’.
Childhood and adolescence
Steven Spielberg was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, December 18, 1946, to a Jewish family. His father was an engineer and his mother was a professional pianist, who had to leave his career for the sake of raising children – Ann, Nancy, Sue and Stephen.
Soon the family moved to Arizona in Phoenix, where Steve went to school. As a child, his father gave him an 8-millimeter camera, which he took with him everywhere. In 12 years, he directed his first film “Escape to Nowhere ‘, won the junior competition of amateur films.
In 1963, the city cinema premiere of the first film Spielberg’s ‘Celestial Lights’, which talked about the kidnapping by aliens. Picture, starring Stephen Friend, financed by his parents, investing about $ 600. Mother crew provided a free lunch, and my father helped with the decorations.
The first works
Finally decided to become a director, Spielberg tried to enter the University of Southern California film school, but he was denied twice by writing a resume ‘too inept’. However, Spielberg did not give up. He enrolled in a technical college and continued making short work. In 1969 there was a 26-minute picture ‘Humbligny’ seeing that, the company ‘Universal Pictures’ has entered into a contract with novice filmmaker. He directed several episodes of the series ‘Night Gallery’ episode ‘Columbo’ and the feature film ‘The Duel’, especially for television.
First full-length work, which was released on the big screen, was the picture of ‘Sugarland Express’ (1974), which received positive reviews from critics. However, a turning point in the career of the director was the film ‘Jaws’, which premiered in 1975. He grossed $ 260 million and up to the release of ‘Star Wars’ remains the highest grossing films in the history of cinema.
In 1977 he came out, as it wrote, ‘intelligent’ fi film ‘Close Encounters of the Third Kind’, which tells about trying to establish communication with an extraterrestrial civilization. During the filming there was a funny story. For Spielberg came to his classmate and director George Lucas and saw a few scenes, was delighted. He said that the picture Spielberg will definitely be more successful than his ‘Star Wars’. Stephen did not agree. Then Lucas offered him a bet: he gives 2.5% of box office receipts from the ‘Star Wars’ in exchange for a 2.5% fee from the film Spielberg. ‘Close Encounters of the Third Kind’ really became box-office hit, collecting $ 300 million at the box office, but with the success of ‘Star Wars’ was not comparable. Experts estimate that this dispute Spielberg earned 45 million.
Five years later, the director made his first film Indiana Jones “Raiders of the Lost Ark” (1982). The idea to make a picture about the adventures of an archaeologist hunting for artifacts of the past, came up with George Lucas. He wrote the screenplay for Spielberg and offered to do the shooting. The success of the picture was stunning, so old friends decided to make the continuation of the story. So there were three more films about Indiana Jones, the last of which – ‘Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull’ – was released in 2008.
With the release of the movie ‘Alien’ (1982) Steven Spielberg came to be perceived not only as a director of commercial paintings, but also as a talented creator. The story of the little alien, brought up children, fell in love with not only the audience, but also received high marks from critics. The picture has been recognized by one of the best bands in the fantastic cinema.
After the ‘Alien’ Steven Spielberg withdrew from the fantastic, entertaining movies. Having dealt with the box-office records, Spielberg took up others. For example, the picture of ‘The Color Purple’ (1985) was entered in the Guinness Book of Records as the tape, which had the highest number of nominations, but received no Oscar. A ‘Schindler’s List’ (1993) became the most expensive black-and-white film in cinema history.
Films about the bitter fate of the Jewish people during the Second World ‘Schindler’s List’ was a landmark event in the film industry. The film has received critical acclaim and received seven Oscar, including for Best Director. It is interesting that Spielberg refused the fee for ‘Schindler’s List’, saying that he would never take ‘blood money’.
In 1998 came another significant tape ‘Saving Private Ryan’, which brought the creators of the 5 ‘Oscars’. The film became the standard military film and gained cult status, but about Spielberg talked about as a true master of deep dramatic paintings. In 1999, Spielberg was named best director of the XX century.
In 2002, Spielberg took two films: fiction thriller with Tom Cruise ‘Dissenting opinion’ and the adventure comedy “Catch Me If You Can ‘, which brilliantly played by Tom Hanks and Leonardo DiCaprio.
Past work and future plans
To scale a movie by Steven Spielberg returned in 2005 to film the famous work of HG Wells ‘War of the Worlds’. The main role in the film again went to Tom Cruise. The story of the alien attack on Earth was a great success and attracted worldwide 590 million dollars.
In the same year came the film ‘Munich’, tells of a terrorist attack during the Munich Olympics. The film, which was put on the book of the journalist George Jonas, was nominated for an Oscar for best picture.
Steven Spielberg’s latest film was the biographical drama Linkoln (2012), depicting the 16 President of the United States. The film has received numerous film awards, and lead actor Daniel Day-Lewis on the version number of publishers and film academies was named best actor of the year.
The plans for the release of Steven Spielberg ‘Jurassic Park 4’, ‘Transformers 4’ and ‘Indiana Jones 5’. As you can see, the interest in large-scale, spectacular movie Spielberg was not lost. Its intention to make something more serious director has not yet declared.
Despite his celebrity status, Steven Spielberg is trying to be an ordinary person. He is an exemplary family man, do not drink or smoke. After work, always in a hurry home, where he was waiting for his wife and children. According to Spielberg, communication with children for it is the greatest pleasure in life. In the morning he collects for children breakfast and delivers them to school. On the rest of the day, says Stephen, the main house is his beloved wife. Here’s a simple, he is one of the best directors of the XX century.
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