Lemon – a hybrid tree species of the genus Citrus of the family Rutaceae. Lemon is also known as the fruit of this plant.
Motherland – China, India and the Pacific tropical islands. In the wild state is unknown. It is widely cultivated in many countries in sub-tropical climate. The CIS is cultivated in the Caucasus and Central Asia,.
The fruit of the lemon tree became known to Europeans after a hike of Alexander the Great in India, but it took many, many years, the Arabs began to cultivate lemon tree in the Maghreb (XII century), Spain and Sicily, while Lemons were an important commodity, shipped to Europe from Alexandria .
At the end of the XV century lemon trees were planted along the French Riviera. From the middle of the XVI century it became known lemon essential oil obtained by steam distillation, and after a while lemon peel oil began removing extrusion or skin prick.
Lemons are eaten fresh, but is also used in the manufacture of confectionery and soft drinks, alcoholic beverage and perfume industries. As spice lemon is used in various fruit salads, desserts, pastries, sauces, in fish, poultry and rice dishes. Lemon juice to improve the taste of various dishes (eg schnitzel Viennese), fried fish, cold dishes, salads. Also lemons used for jam, sauces, creams, syrups and drinks. Lemon slices beautifully decorated dishes. Very tasty lemon cakes and pies.
Slices of lemon fruit is added to the tea. The resulting drink is known in the West as “Russian tea”.
In Russia and CIS countries have a tradition of snack lemon vodka and cognac. Just on the basis of lemon preparing snack Nikolashka.
Lemon has antiseptic and anti-rheumatic, diuretic and saxifragant action. It regulates the gastrointestinal tract. It strengthens the muscles of the venous wall. It helps with cellulite problem skin. Relieves depression, fear, anxiety, headaches and insomnia. It removes toxins from the body, regulates fat metabolism. Increases immunity. It helps dissolve gallstones, kidney, bladder. It lowers blood pressure.
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