Birthday: 03/05/1903 Year
Age: 74 year
Place of birth: Tacoma, Washington, USA
Date of Death: 10/14/1977 Year
Place of death: Madrid, Spain
Nationality: United States
Height: 170 cm
Original name: Harry Lillis Crosby
Got his nickname as a child of the hobby of collecting newspaper and magazine clippings (“Bingo” – a kind of lottery). First began performing as a singer and performer on drums with the school’s jazz band. As a university student, he sang in a duet with his friend Al Rinker, whose sister – singer Mildred Bailey – helped friends find work in nightclubs.
As part of this duo toured the Pacific coast, having achieved relative fame. At the suggestion of Paul Whiteman Crosby organized vocal trio RHYTHM BOYS (with E. Rinker and Harry Barris) and soon became a permanent member uaytmenovskih concert Entreprise (1926-1930). Contributed to the success of the ensemble recording (Mississippi Mud, I’m Coming Virginia) and in the film «The King Of Jazz» about Whiteman orchestra (1930), with whom he began a career as a singer-Crosby singer and actor. By the end of the 20-ies. He developed a special individual style of pop singing microphone (called kruning), make it an object of worship for the widest possible audience.
Throughout the 1940s and 1950s. Crosby regularly and with great success released records, appeared on radio and television, acted in films (eg in 1941 with Jack Tigardenom – in the film «The Birth of the Blues», devoted to the fate of musicians from ORIGINAL DIXIELAND JAZZ BAND, as well as films with Fred Astaire «Holiday Inn», 1942, «The Bells of St. Mary’s», 1945 and «Blue Skies», 1946, in «High Society», 1956, etc .; in 1944 was awarded the “Oscar” for his role in «Going My Way»). Worked closely with many stars of the American Inc, such as Al Jolson, Connie Buswell, Dinah Shore, Judy Garland, Louis Armstrong, Bob Hope, as well as with jazz musicians, including his brother – singer and bandleader Bob Crosby, “Bix” Beiderbecke, Louis Armstrong, “Count” Basie and others. In 1953 published an autobiographical book «Call Me Lucky».
By the mid-1960s. somewhat reduced concert activity by switching to an individual studio work. By the end of this decade star Crosby gradually began to fade, although sometimes he still managed to make a recording, the costs of large circulations. Most of the time he gave the game of golf. During this session, he grasped the heart attack from which he died in a suburb of Madrid.
Crosby has left many records: namely, P. Whiteman Orchestra, Negro vocal quartet MILLS BROTHERS, F. Sinatra, Hoagy Carmichael, Judy Garland, Fred Astaire, vocal group ANDREWS SISTERS, Dinah Shore, Rosemary Clooney. Among jazz musicians – with “Bix” Beiderbecke, Frankie Trumbauer (1928), brothers Dorsey (1929, 1932, 1936), “Duke” Ellington (1930-1932, as part RHYTHM BOYS and as a soloist), Don Redmenom (1932) L. Armstrong (1936), Jack Tigardenom (1941), Bob Crosby (1942), Louis Jordan (1944), Eddie Heywood (1945), Bob Scobey, Bob Haggart, Eddie Condon, Joe Bushkin, Milt Hinton, “Count” Basie and various Dixieland Band and Ensemble Firehouse Five.
“Bing” Crosby – historically a very typical and very important figure in popular music and film music USA. He was the legislator schlager song-fashion for several decades (1930s-1950s.). Openness, sincerity and ingenuous charm attracted to him listeners and viewers from all walks of life. His vocal performing style in their own individual, but gradually turned into a kind of standard for the American musical stage and spawned numerous imitators. Best sellers in the interpretation of Crosby became such tunes as Pennies From Heaven, Blue Skies, White Christmas, The Bells Of St Mary’s, Moonlight Becomes You, Love In Bloom, How Deep Is The Ocean, The Blue Of The Night, Temptation, as well as works his own songs A Ghost of a Chance, and When the Blue of the Night. As one of the first singers Crooner he can rightfully be counted among the founders of the whole layer of American popular music culture and vocal performing school associated with the tradition of intimate, lyrical song style (the so-called song style), relying on cantilena melodies, relaxed type of swing rhythm finely nuanced, transparent orchestral sound with a typical use of “singing” string group (Sweet sound). The influence of this style to all areas of American music (pop-entertainment, jazz, symphonic) is obvious. In turn, thanks to the close contacts with Crosby jazzmen, he brought in a variety of popular music stylistic elements of jazz (this example was followed by many pop singers in the United States and Europe), opening up new opportunities for its development and upgrades.
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